3. What is an urban node?

According to the definition listed in the TEN-T Guidelines (Regulation (EU) No. 1315/2013) an urban node means an urban area where the transport infrastructure of the trans-European transport network (TEN-T) is connected with other parts of that infrastructure and with the infrastructure for regional and local traffic.

Urban nodes have become an integral part of the TEN-T development. A number of 88 urban nodes have been identified in the TEN-T Guidelines on the basis of a set of socio-economic criteria. They play key roles as socio-economic and technological centres in the structure of the TEN-T network.