Book 7.1: Reviewing

Review of the key messages and resources of this course

1. SUMP as a holistic process

As you have learned through this course, sustainable urban mobility planning goes beyond traditional transport planning. It requires planners to view the entire city as a system: the social, environmental and economic concerns related to transport are interlinked and influence one another within the city as a whole. In order to address these many and varied concerns, a holistic policy process is needed which directly involves key stakeholders as well as citizens while also taking into account related policy areas and policy frameworks at the local, regional and national levels. Careful coordination of the (often simultaneous) processes of participation, institutional cooperation across policy areas, measure selection, and monitoring and evaluation is critical for the SUMP's success. The development of a long-term strategic vision is a key milestone which serves as a framework, providing clear guidance towards implementation.

3 pillars of sustainability

The three pillars of sustainability - only when all three are taken into account can the SUMP and its individual measures, policies and policy packages be considered sustainable

Image source: Wikimedia Commons

Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans can be understood as a strategic instrument to solve urban transport problems, and contribute to reaching local objectives while also contributing to reaching aims held at the national and international levels. In general, a SUMP should aim to integrate modes (in particular public transport, cycling and walking) to create a more accessible and liveable city. In doing so, it should strive to meet the following general goals:

  • Ensure all citizens are offered transport options that enable access to key destinations and services
  • Improve safety and security
  • Reduce air and noise pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption
  • Improve the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the transportation of persons and goods
  • Contribute to enhancing the attractiveness and quality of the urban environment and urban design for the benefits of citizens, the economy and society as a whole