mobility in Greece is heavily dependent on private cars. Motorization rates
have increased dramatically in the decade 1993-2003 (from 186 cars/1,000
inhabitants to 348 cars/1,000 inhabitant). During the same period (but also for
the years to come) Greece has highly invested in its national road
infrastructure and the Trans European Road network. The major investments in the
urban transport network have been made mostly through the construction of the
new metro lines in Athens (operable since 2001), the construction of the new
tramway in Athens (operable since 2004) and the development of information
systems for buses and trolley buses (along with renovation of the fleet). Bicycles
and pedestrians infrastructure is underdeveloped for the majority of the Greek
cities and the efforts made in the large Greek urban centers can be
characterized limited and fragmented. Modal shift percentages for Athens (2006)
support this claim (53% attributed to car, 14% to metro, 21% to PT bus, 8% to
walking, 2% to bicycle, 1% to PT tram and 1% to PT train). In the second largest
Greek city, Thessaloniki, the modal split percentages indicate the same car
dependency - 55% car, 25% PT, 10% bike,
10% walk - although obviously more in favor of non-motorized transport modes
(walking and bicycling) than in Athens.
the case study of a large Municipality of the Athens regions, the Municipality
of Ilioupoli, the following mobility characteristics and challenges can be
identified (challenges being closely related to the tendencies described above):
presents a hilly terrain at East, as it lies at the western foot of the
Hymettus mountain. The build-up areas at the foot of the mountain present high road
gradients, differentiated significantly from the road characteristics of the west
side of the Municipality.
majority of roads in the municipality have a wide cross section, serving both
is being served by one metro line and public buses. Nonetheless, the location
of the metro stations at the west borders of the Municipality - combined with
its large area and the hilly terrain - fail to serve Ilioupoli's total
is still highly dependent on private cars.
is a limited use of bicycle - lack of bicycle infrastructure (although climate
conditions in Athens are ideal for promoting bicycle)
significant pedestrian areas are located.
for persons with mobility problems is not ensured. This is closely connected
with the parking "anarchy” that often exists especially in the areas of commercial
and recreational activity.
to my knowledge, there are no data available to indicate the mobility problems
of the area, nor existing transport or mobility plans. I have contacted the
Municipality, though, hoping for their cooperation and participation on this.