percentage of the incomes are related to the fare?
Among the big cities of the world, the bus fare in the city of Sao Paulo is the most representative in relation to the income of the worker who uses public transportation to get to and from work. Per month, 17.7% of the income of an inhabitant of the city of Sao Paulo that receives a minimum wage is intended only for public transport. In Paris the ratio is 4.45%, London is 5.37% in New York is 7.93, in Mexico City is 10.11%, in Lisbon is 8.45, for example.
Although the tariff rate is cheaper in Sao Paulo than in many other cities, the low value of the minimum wage causes a fifth of the income is spent just on the way to work.
In New York a job spends about $ 100 in commuting to work in a month, however, this represents only 8% of your income if he receives only a minimum wage.
2- Are there
subsidies to cover part of the costs?
Yes, part of the state budget and the Sao Paulo municipality are to subsidize transportation.
3- Is it
legally possible to receive funding from other sources such as crossed
Yes, like the creation of tariffs on the use of public space by private vehicles, such as parking areas and allocation of shares of the taxes paid on the acquisition and use of individual vehicles for investment in urban mobility.
4- Are there
congestion charging policies in the city which could fund the public transport
Currently do not exist in Sao Paulo charging congestion charge, but it is a very controversial issue and has been discussed in various political mandates.
5- If the
previous question present a “No” for an answer, how prepared is the city to
start discussions around different types of funding for public transportation
in order to improve quality of service so that it doesn’t affect low income
The city even offers some discussions on the different types of funding for public transport, but some issues are very controversial as the issue of congestion charge. It is subject including political. Those who use the car are against the fee, on the other hand the government does not assume the adoption fee, because if you do, you will surely lose many votes. The population does not believe that the rate will finance improvements in public transport, because many other fees, not improve some sectors whose purpose was to provide improvements, such as in health and education.
There is already allowance paid by the city regarding the gratuities of the elderly and students, among others. There is also the Bilhete Único grant that enables up to four trips within a period of 3 hours, paying the value of just one pass, for city buses in the city of Sao Paulo. This favors the poor people who live far away from the center, for example. To make a modal shift to the subway or the train, you will pay a difference between the rates in the period of up to two hours.